Managing a classroom can be a challenging task for any teacher, whether they are new or have been teaching for years (ניהול כיתה). Every class and each student presents a different challenge. However, there are some essential strategies that can help teachers establish effective classroom management and keep their classes orderly and productive.
Creating and Implementing Rules, Procedures, and Routines
The first step in effective classroom management is to create and enforce rules. While it may seem counterintuitive, having a set of rules and procedures helps you manage student behavior while maintaining consistency in your classroom.
When you share these rules with your students, make sure to explain what they mean and why they matter. This will help them understand your expectations and prevent them from breaking the rules without knowing why.
In addition, creating and enforcing these rules consistently throughout the year will ensure that your students always know what they need to do in the classroom. This will also help them understand the importance of your rules and how they can benefit their learning.
Building Relationships with Your Students and their Families
Developing relationships with your students is one of the most important classroom management strategies you can employ. This includes establishing rapport and communicating regularly with your students and their families.
Peer teaching is a great classroom management strategy that can be especially beneficial for disruptive and struggling students. This strategy pairs top performers with lower-performing students to teach them skills they need to excel in your class.
The students can practice their skills and learn to be leaders in the classroom while gaining confidence. They can also get to know other students in the class and build their friendships.
Providing students with positive feedback, as well as rewards for achieving goals and completing tasks, will encourage students to stay on track. This can be done through frequent, personalized student check-ins.
Becoming aware of their feelings and reactions will also help you better understand the causes of their behaviors. This will allow you to plan activities that engage them, thereby limiting their disruptions and helping to keep your classroom orderly.
Redirecting their attention back to the lesson with a question can also be an effective classroom management strategy. This can be done by asking a student what they did wrong or what they learned from the lesson that they didn't understand.
A friendly attitude and eye contact can be helpful in establishing a relationship with your students. You can even use a friendly "teacher look" to direct their attention when they are distracted or disengaged from the lesson.
Another classroom management strategy is to avoid rebuking students when they are misbehaving, as this can actually stimulate disruptive behavior and lead to poor performance in the classroom. This is particularly true when students are misbehaving outside the classroom, as it can be difficult to determine how a student feels about their behavior.
Classroom management is essential for teachers who want to foster a productive learning environment. It entails careful planning and a willingness to switch gears when necessary. It also requires a sense of compassion and understanding for students. Fortunately, there are many strategies that teachers can use to establish effective classroom management.
Creating and Implementing Rules
One of the most essential strategies to establish effective classroom management is to set clear expectations for class behavior. These rules should be clearly outlined in the curriculum so that students can understand what's expected of them in each lesson. You can also post these rules in the classroom for a quick reference.
Developing a Rapport with Students
Another essential strategy to establish effective classroom management is to create a relationship with your students. This includes building trust and showing them that you respect them. This will encourage them to follow the classroom rules and stay on-task.
Developing a rapport with your students is important, as it will help you address discipline issues quickly and efficiently. It will also improve the overall atmosphere of your classroom.
Offering Different Teaching and Learning Styles
Using a variety of learning styles can enhance student engagement and boost retention rates. It can also help you address the needs of a diverse classroom.
For example, offer different ways for students to learn material, including a lecture, hands-on practice, discussion, reading, and more. In addition, allowing students to choose their own methods of learning can boost motivation and confidence levels.
Remind Students of Your Rules and Standards
It's common for students to forget what your expectations are, so make sure you remind them often. It's also important to explain these rules in detail.
You can do this by having the entire class discuss them or by displaying them on the board.
Avoid Overcrowding and Distractions
Having too many students in your classroom can be a major distraction. It can also leave you with no room to maneuver when it comes to teaching and delivering your lessons. If possible, break your lesson up into smaller modules to keep your class on task and allow you to maintain control.
Stopping Distractions as Soon as They Start
If a disruptive student begins to disrupt your lesson, immediately stop their behavior and work with them outside of class time to deal with the issue. Doing so will give you an opportunity to determine the root cause of the problem and to prevent it from happening again in the future.
Consider Positive Consequences instead of Negative ones
When it comes to addressing behavioral issues, it's always best to find a balance between positive and negative consequences. However, if you can't seem to get your students to comply with your rules, negative consequences may be needed.
Praising Students for their Achievements
In many cases, the best way to deal with student misbehavior is to praise them. This will encourage them to keep their attention on the topic at hand and may make them less likely to act out in a disruptive manner in the future.